TABLE 2-2-4 - Injured Persons by Transportation Mode: 1995-2007

TABLE 2-2-4 - Injured Persons by Transportation Mode: 1995-2007

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  1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Air 452 467 417 369 406 357 368 337 367 303 304 290 295
U.S. air carrier 25 77 43 30 67 29 19 24 31 20 14 9 15
Commuter carrier 17 2 1 2 2 7 4 0 1 0 0 1 0
On-demand air taxi 14 22 23 10 15 12 24 16 12 17 23 16 20
General aviation 396 366 350 327 322 309 321 297 323 266 267 264 260
Highway 3,465,000 3,483,000 3,348,000 3,192,000 3,236,000 3,189,000 3,033,000 2,926,000 2,889,000 2,788,000 2,699,000 2,575,000 2,491,000
Passenger car occupants 2,469,000 2,458,000 2,341,000 2,201,000 2,138,000 2,052,000 1,927,000 1,805,000 1,756,000 1,643,000 1,573,000 1,475,000 1,379,000
Motorcyclists 57,000 55,000 53,000 49,000 50,000 58,000 60,000 65,000 67,000 76,000 87,000 88,000 103,000
Truck occupants, light 722,000 761,000 755,000 763,000 847,000 887,000 861,000 879,000 889,000 900,000 872,000 857,000 841,000
Truck occupants, large 30,000 33,000 31,000 29,000 33,000 31,000 29,000 26,000 27,000 27,000 27,000 23,000 23,000
Bus occupants 19,000 20,000 17,000 16,000 22,000 18,000 15,000 19,000 18,000 16,000 11,000 10,000 12,000
Pedestrians 86,000 82,000 77,000 69,000 85,000 78,000 78,000 71,000 70,000 68,000 64,000 61,000 70,000
Pedalcyclists 67,000 58,000 58,000 53,000 51,000 51,000 45,000 48,000 46,000 41,000 45,000 44,000 43,000
Other 14,000 15,000 17,000 13,000 11,000 15,000 18,000 13,000 15,000 17,000 18,000 18,000 18,000
Pipeline 64 127 77 81 108 81 61 49 71 60 47 32 43
Hazardous liquid pipeline 11 13 5 6 20 4 10 0 5 16 2 2 10
Gas pipeline 53 114 72 75 88 77 51 49 66 44 45 30 33
Railroad 14,440 12,558 11,767 11,459 11,700 11,643 10,985 11,103 9,254 9,187 9,501 8,694 9,368
Highway-rail grade crossing 1,894 1,610 1,540 1,303 1,396 1,219 1,157 999 1,034 1,094 1,051 1,068 1,047
Railroad 12,546 10,948 10,227 10,156 10,304 10,424 9,828 10,104 8,220 8,093 8,450 7,626 8,321
Transit 57,196 55,288 56,132 55,990 55,325 56,697 53,945 19,260 18,235 18,982 18,131 18,327 U
Highway-rail grade crossing 195 184 126 58 159 123 74 108 117 153 194 172 U
Transit 57,001 55,104 56,006 55,932 55,166 56,574 53,871 19,152 18,118 18,829 17,937 18,155 U
Waterborne 6,165 6,064 5,737 5,321 4,992 5,112 5,008 4,856 4,666 4,066 4,095 5,245 4,335
Vessel-related 154 254 120 130 152 150 210 192 227 198 140 177 167
Not related to vessel casualties 1,870 1,368 1,062 579 525 607 524 602 551 505 504 594 495
Recreational boating 4,141 4,442 4,555 4,612 4,315 4,355 4,274 4,062 3,888 3,363 3,451 4,474 3,673

KEY: U = data are unavailable.

NOTES: U.S. air carriers includes all carriers who operate under 14 CFR 121, all scheduled and nonscheduled service. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data. Commuter carriers include all scheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 includes only aircraft with 10 or more seats formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent years' data. On-demand air taxi includes all nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135. General aviation includes all operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

For Highway totals the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration uses the term "crash" instead of accident in its highway safety data. Highway crashes often involve more than one motor vehicle, hence "total highway crashes" is smaller than the sum of the components. Estimates of highway crashes are rounded to the nearest thousand in the source document.

Highway numbers are not actual counts, but estimates of the actual counts. The estimates are calculated from data obtained from a nationally representative sample of crashes collected through NHTSA's General Estimates System (GES). Estimates should be rounded to the nearest 1,000. Estimates less than 500 indicate that the sample size was too small to produce a meaningful estimate and should be rounded to 0.

Large trucks are defined as trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks are defined as trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles.

Railroad total includes Amtrak. Accidents and incidents resulting from freight and passenger rail operations including commuter rail. Highway-rail grade crossing total includes accidents and incidents occurring at highway-rail crossings resulting from freight and passenger rail operations including commuter rail. Railroad includes only train accidents.

The Federal Railroad Administration defines a grade crossing as a location where a public highway, road, street, or private roadway, including associated sidewalks and pathways, crosses one or more railroad tracks at grade. The Federal Transit Administration defines two types of grade crossings: (1) At grade, mixed, and cross traffic crossings, meaning railway right-of-way over which other traffic moving in the same direction or other cross directions may pass. This includes city street right-of-way; (2) At grade with cross traffic crossings, meaning railway right-of-way over which no other traffic may pass, except to cross at grade-level crossings. This can include median strip rights-of-way with grade level crossings at intersecting streets.

Transit accident figures include collisions with vehicles, objects, and people, derailments / vehicles going off the road of Directly Operated (DO) modes only. Accident figures do not include fires and personal casualties. The drop in the number of accidents in 2002 is due largely to a change in definitions by the Federal Transit Administration, particularly the definition of injuries. Only injuries requiring immediate medical treatment away from the scene now qualify as reportable. Previously, any injury was reportable. Highway-rail grade crossing for transit includes accidents occurring at highway-rail grade crossings resulting from operations of public transit rail modes including commuter rail. Data for light rail crossings are: 1995 (98); 1996 (97); 1997 (66); 1998 (66); 1999 (103); 2000 (106); 2001 (54); 2002 (112); 2003 (66); 2004 (107); 2005 (81); 2006 (74). Transit only includes accidents occurring at highway-rail grade crossings resulting from operations of public transit rail modes excluding commuter rail.

SOURCES: Air: National Transportation Safety Board, Highway: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Railroad: Federal Railroad Administration, Transit: Federal Transit Administration, Waterborne: United States Coast Guard, Pipeline: Office of pipeline safety, as cited in U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics, table 2-3, available at http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportation_statistics/ as of January 2009.