Appendix A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States: 1998-2008

Appendix A: Social and Economic Characteristics of the United States: 1998-2008

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  1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Total U.S. Resident Population (thousands) 270,248 272,691 282,172 285,040 287,727 290,211 292,892 295,561 298,363 301,290 304,060
Population by age (thousands)                      
Under 18 69,903 70,199 72,356 72,599 72,830 72,979 73,166 73,378 73,594 73,859 73,942
18-24 years 25,476 26,011 27,308 27,946 28,379 28,744 29,063 29,134 29,236 29,407 29,757
25-34 years 38,743 37,936 39,840 39,643 39,638 39,634 39,747 39,817 40,020 40,401 40,932
35-44 years 44,498 44,813 45,181 45,113 44,746 44,299 43,978 43,714 43,481 43,082 42,501
45-54 years 34,575 35,802 37,995 39,369 39,960 40,776 41,575 42,432 43,210 43,872 44,372
55-64 years 22,666 23,389 24,415 25,038 26,582 27,826 29,062 30,334 31,558 32,726 33,686
65 and over 34,385 34,540 35,077 35,332 35,591 35,952 36,301 36,752 37,264 37,942 38,870
Population by sex (thousands)                      
Male 132,030 133,277 138,458 139,977 141,374 142,619 144,061 145,465 146,946 148,466 149,925
Female 138,218 139,414 143,714 145,063 146,352 147,592 148,831 150,096 151,417 152,824 154,135
Population in Metropolitan areas (thousands)                      
Large (over 1 million) 153,143 155,905 149,761 151,826 154,560 156,109 157,724 159,323 159,828 163,596 166,361
Medium (250,000-999,999) 43,366 42,680 56,189 57,018 56,616 56,941 58,075 58,720 60,980 60,139 59,948
Small (less than 250,000) 19,908 20,022 27,557 27,508 27,761 28,259 28,038 28,306 28,095 27,880 27,882
Population in Regions (thousands)                      
Northeast 51,686 51,830 53,667 53,911 54,134 54,319 54,460 54,531 54,628 54,762 54,925
South 95,349 96,468 100,558 101,839 103,125 104,339 105,745 107,244 108,717 110,335 111,719
Midwest 62,951 63,242 64,493 64,806 65,058 65,299 65,566 65,785 66,048 66,313 66,561
West 60,263 61,150 63,454 64,484 65,408 66,253 67,121 68,000 68,971 69,881 70,855
Immigrants admitted (thousands) 653 645 841 1,059 1,059 704 958 1,122 1,266 1,052 1,107
Gross domestic product (billions of 2005 chained $) 10,284 10,780 11,226 11,347 11,553 11,841 12,264 12,638 12,976 13,254 13,312
Civilian labor force (thousands) 137,673 139,368 142,583 143,734 144,863 146,510 147,401 149,320 151,428 153,124 154,287
Participation rate of men (%) 74.9 74.7 74.8 74.4 74.1 73.5 73.3 73.3 73.5 73.2 73.0
Participation rate of women (%) 59.8 60.0 59.9 59.8 59.6 59.5 59.2 59.3 59.4 59.3 59.5
Unemployment rate (% of labor force) 4.5 4.2 4.0 4.7 5.8 6.0 5.5 5.1 4.6 4.6 5.8
Households (thousands) 102,528 103,874 104,705 108,209 109,297 111,278 112,000 113,343 114,384 116,011 116,783
Average size of households 2.62 2.61 2.62 2.58 2.58 2.57 2.57 2.57 2.57 2.56 2.56
Median household income (constant 2005 $) 46,510 47,681 47,602 46,564 46,021 45,980 45,820 46,326 46,671 47,297 45,610
Average household expenditures (constant 2005 $) 42,503 43,345 43,130 43,576 44,141 43,326 44,850 46,409 46,862 46,736 45,776

NOTES: Resident population estimates are as of July 1. New metropolitan area definitions were published by the Office of Budget and Management (OMB) in 2003. These definitions were applied to population data by the Census Bureau beginning with the data from the 2000 Census. A new term, core based statistical areas (CBSAs), collectively refers to metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas. A metropolitan statistical area is defined as having at least one urbanized area of 50,000 or more inhabitants. A micropolitan statistical area is defined as having at least one urban cluster of more than 10,000 but less than 50,000 inhabitants.

Number of immigrants is based on fiscal year data ending Sept. 30.

Median household income and average household expenditures are converted to constant 2005 dollars by the Bureau of Transportation Statistics using the consumer price index for Urban research series (CPI-U-RS).

Details may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

SOURCES: U.S. resident population; population by age and sex: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates, National, available at http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php as of January 2010.

Population by metropolitan area: 1998-99: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Statistical Abstract of the United States 2000 (Washington, DC: 2001), table 32 as reported in U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics, table A, available at http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportation_statistics as of April 2010.

2000-08: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas, table 1, available at http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php as of January 2010.

Population by Region: 1998-99: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, as reported in U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics, table A, available at http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportation_statistics as of April 2010.

2000-08: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Population Division, National and State Population Estimates, Vintage 2008 Archive, National Annual Population Estimates 2000 to 2008, available at http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est2008.html as of January 2010.

Immigrants Admitted: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2008 Yearbook of Immigration Statistics, table 1, available at http://www.dhs.gov/files/statistics/publications/yearbook.shtm as of January 2010.

Gross Domestic Product: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts Tables, table 1.1.6, available at http://www.bea.gov/national/nipaweb/SelectTable.asp?Selected=N as of January 2010.

Civilian Labor Force, Unemployment Rate, Participation of Men and Women: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Historical Data, table A-1, available at http://www.bls.gov/cps/cpsatabs.htm as of January 2010.

Number of households, Average size of households: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Families and Living Arrangements, Detailed Tables, tables AVG-1, H-2, 17 and HH-6, available at http://www.census.gov/population/www/socdemo/hh-fam.html as of January 2010.

Median household income: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Historical Income Data, table H-5, available at http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income/income.html as of January 2010.

Average household expenditures: U.S Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, Average Annual Expenditures, All Consumer Units, available at http://www.bls.gov/data/home.htm as of January 2010.