TABLE 1-1-4 - Injured Persons by Transportation Mode: 1998-2008

TABLE 1-1-4 - Injured Persons by Transportation Mode: 1998-2008

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  1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Air 369 406 357 368 337 367 303 304 290 291 289
U.S. air carrier 30 67 29 19 24 31 20 14 9 16 16
Commuter carrier 2 2 7 4 0 1 0 0 1 0 2
On-demand air taxi 10 15 12 24 16 12 17 23 16 20 13
General aviation 327 322 309 321 297 323 266 267 264 255 258
Highway 3,192,035 3,236,238 3,188,750 3,032,672 2,925,758 2,888,601 2,788,378 2,699,000 2,575,000 2,491,000 2,346,000
Passenger car occupants 2,201,375 2,137,503 2,051,609 1,926,625 1,804,788 1,756,495 1,642,549 1,573,396 1,474,536 1,379,181 1,304,006
Motorcyclists 48,974 49,986 57,723 60,236 64,713 67,103 76,379 87,335 88,652 102,994 95,986
Truck occupants, light 762,506 846,865 886,566 860,527 879,338 889,048 900,171 872,137 856,896 841,451 768,410
Truck occupants, large 28,767 32,892 30,832 29,424 26,242 26,893 27,287 27,284 23,815 23,314 22,947
Bus occupants 15,559 21,958 17,769 15,427 18,819 18,174 16,410 11,133 9,839 12,141 15,149
Pedestrians 68,955 85,235 77,625 77,619 70,664 69,949 67,985 64,446 60,924 70,286 68,832
Pedalcyclists 53,379 51,290 51,160 45,277 48,011 46,378 41,086 45,439 44,012 43,481 52,395
Other 12,519 10,509 15,466 17,536 13,182 14,561 16,511 17,806 17,989 17,685 18,011
Pipeline 81 108 81 61 49 71 60 48 36 53 65
Hazardous liquid pipeline 6 20 4 10 0 5 16 2 2 10 2
Gas pipeline 75 88 77 51 49 66 44 46 34 43 63
Railroad 11,459 11,700 11,643 10,985 11,103 9,264 9,192 9,511 8,710 9,603 8,789
Highway-rail grade crossing 1,303 1,396 1,219 1,157 999 1,035 1,095 1,051 1,070 1,054 949
Railroad 10,156 10,304 10,424 9,828 10,104 8,229 8,097 8,460 7,640 8,549 7,840
Transit 55,990 55,325 56,697 53,945 19,260 18,235 18,982 18,131 18,327 20,944 23,105
Highway-rail grade crossing 58 159 123 74 108 117 153 194 172 224 271
Transit 55,932 55,166 56,574 53,871 19,152 18,118 18,829 17,937 18,155 20,720 22,834
Waterborne 5,321 4,992 5,112 5,008 4,856 4,666 4,066 4,095 5,245 4,422 3,947
Vessel-related 130 152 150 210 192 227 198 140 177 190 152
Not related to vessel casualties 579 525 607 524 602 551 505 504 594 559 464
Recreational boating 4,612 4,315 4,355 4,274 4,062 3,888 3,363 3,451 4,474 3,673 3,331

NOTES: Air injuries include all injuries classified as serious. U.S. air carriers includes all carriers who operate under 14 CFR 121, all scheduled and nonscheduled service. Commuter carriers include all scheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135. On-demand air taxi includes all nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135. General aviation includes all operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

Highway numbers are not actual counts, but estimates of the actual counts. The estimates are calculated from data obtained from a nationally representative sample of crashes collected through NHTSA's General Estimates System (GES). Estimates are rounded to the nearest 1,000. Estimates less than 500 indicate that the sample size was too small to produce a meaningful estimate and should be rounded to 0.

Large trucks are defined as trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors. Light trucks are defined as trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles.

Other highway includes occupants of other unknown vehicle types and other nonmotorists.

Railroad includes Amtrak. Figures include those injuries resulting from train accidents, train incidents, and nontrain incidents. Injury figures also include occupational illness.

Injuries occurring at highway-rail crossings, listed under railroad, result from freight and passenger rail operations including commuter rail. Highway-rail grade crossing injuries, except train occupants, are counted under highway.

The Federal Railroad Administration defines a grade crossing as a location where a public highway, road, street, or private roadway, including associated sidewalks and pathways, crosses one or more railroad tracks at grade. The Federal Transit Administration defines two types of grade crossings: (1) At grade, mixed, and cross traffic crossings, meaning railway right-of-way over which other traffic moving in the same direction or other cross directions may pass. This includes city street right-of-way. (2) At grade with cross traffic crossings, meaning railway right-of-way over which no other traffic may pass, except to cross at grade-level crossings. This can include median strip rights-of-way with grade level crossings at intersecting streets.

Transit includes motor bus, commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, demand response, van pool, and automated gateway. Transit injuries include those resulting from all reportable incidents, not just from accidents, of Directly Operated (DO) modes only. The drop in the number of injuries in 2002 and subsequently is due largely to a change in definitions by the Federal Transit Administration. Only injuries requiring immediate medical treatment away from the scene now qualify as reportable. Previously, any injury was reportable.

Injuries occurring at highway-rail crossings, listed under transit, result from operations of public transit rail modes including commuter rail. Data for injuries at light rail crossings are: 1998 (42); 1999 (148); 2000 (111); 2001 (54); 2002 (76); 2003 (56); 2004 (62); 2005 (138); 2006 (44); 2007 (139); 2008 (86).

Vessel-related injuries include those involving damage to vessels, such as collisions or groundings. Injuries not related to vessel casualties include those from falls overboard or from accidents involving onboard equipment.

Vessel-related and Not related to vessel casualties data for 1998-2001 come from the U.S. Coast Guard phased in a new computer system to track safety data, the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. During that period data come from combining entries in the Marine Safety Management Information System with entries in the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. Data for 2002 and later come from the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. Data for prior years come from other sources and may not be directly comparable.

SOURCES: Air: National Transportation Safety Board; Highway: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; Pipeline: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety; Railroad: Federal Railroad Administration; Transit: Federal Transit Administration; Waterborne: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, United States Coast Guard as cited in U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics, table 2-2, available at http://www.bts.gov/publications/national_transportation_statistics/ as of July 2010.