TABLE 1-6-3B - Hazardous Material Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation: 2007 and 2002

TABLE 1-6-3B - Hazardous Material Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation: 2007 and 2002

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Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-milesa Average miles per shipment
2007
(million $)
2002
(million $)
Percent
change
2007
(thousands)
2002
(thousands)
Percent
change
2007
(millions)
2002
(millions)
Percent
change
2007 2002 Percent
change
All modes 1,448,218 660,181 119.4 2,231,133 2,191,519 1.8 323,457 326,727 -1.0 96 136 -29.7
Single modes 1,370,615 644,489 112.7 2,111,622 2,158,533 -2.2 279,105 311,897 -10.5 65 105 -38.1
Truckb 837,074 419,630 99.5 1,202,825 1,159,514 3.7 103,997 110,163 -5.6 59 86 -31.6
For-hire truck 358,792 189,803 89.0 495,077 449,503 10.1 63,288 65,112 -2.8 214 285 -24.9
Private truck 478,282 226,660 111.0 707,748 702,186 0.8 40,709 44,087 -7.7 32 38 -14.8
Rail 69,213 31,339 120.9 129,743 109,369 18.6 92,169 72,087 27.9 578 695 -16.8
Water 69,186 46,856 47.7 149,794 228,197 -34.4 37,064 70,649 -47.5 383 S NA
Air (includes truck and air) 1,735 1,643 5.6 S 64 S S 85 S 1,095 2,080 -47.3
Pipelinec 393,408 145,021 171.3 628,905 661,390 -4.9 S S S S S S
Multiple modes 71,069 9,631 637.9 111,022 18,745 492.3 42,886 12,488 243.4 834 849 -1.8
Parcel, USPS, or courier 7,675 4,268 79.8 236 245 -3.6 151 119 27.1 836 837 -0.2
Other and unknown modes 6,534 6,061 7.8 8,489 14,241 -40.4 1,466 2,342 -37.4 58 57 1.2

KEY: S = estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality. NA = not applicable or comparison data unavailable in the 2007 Commodity Flow Survey.

aTon-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network.
bTruck as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private and for-hire truck.
cPipeline estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipment estimates are reported in current prices. Estimates are based on final data from the 2007 and 2002 Commodity Flow Surveys. Details may not add to totals due to rounding. More information on sampling error, confidentiality protection, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions may be found at http://www.bts.gov/cfs.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2009.