FIGURE 3-4 U.S. International Merchandise Trade by Transportation Mode: 2011

Excel

Mode Billions of U.S. Dollars Billions of U.S. Dollars Millions of Short Tons Millions of Short Tons
Water 1,729 46.9% 1,480 75.0%
Air 917 24.9% 8 0.4%
Truck 626 17.0% 208 10.5%
Rail 152 4.1% 142 7.2%
Pipeline 81 2.2% 123 6.2%
Other and unknown 182 4.9% 13 0.7%
Total, all modes 3,688 100.0% 1,974 100.0%

NOTES: 1 short ton = 2,000 pounds. The U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics estimated 2010 weight data for truck, rail, pipeline, and other and unknown modes using value-to-weight ratios derived from imported commodities. Totals for the most recent year differ slightly from the USDOT, Federal Highway Administration, Office of Freight Management and Operations, Freight Analysis Framework (FAF) due to variations in coverage and FAF conversion of values to constant dollars. Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

SOURCES: Total, water and air data: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Division, FT920 - U.S. Merchandise Trade: Selected Highlights (Washington, DC: December 2011). Truck, rail, and pipeline data: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transporation Statistics, North American Transborder Freight Data, available Other and unknown: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transporation Statistics, special tabulation, August 2012.