Figure 5-3 Fatality Rates for Selected Modes: 1985–2010

Year Passenger car occupants Light-truck occupants Large-truck occupants Motorcycle riders General aviation Air carriers (actual and smoothed fatality rates)
Fatalities VMT (millions) Fatality Rate Per 100 million VMT Fatalities VMT (millions) Fatality Rate per 100 million VMT Fatalities VMT (millions) Fatality rate Per 100 million VMT Fatalities VMT (millions) Fatality Rate Per 100 million VMT Fatalities Hours flown (millions) Fatality rate per 100,000 hours flown Actual fatality rate per 100,000 aircraft departures Smoothed fatality rate per 100,000 aircraft departures
1985 23,212 1,248,980 1.86 6,689 388,779 1.72 977 123,504 0.79 4,564 9,086 50.23 956 28 3.38 8.34 1.65
1986 24,944 1,277,550 1.95 7,317 416,532 1.76 926 126,675 0.73 4,566 9,397 48.59 967 27 3.57 0.11 1.56
1987 25,132 1,328,460 1.89 8,058 444,392 1.81 852 133,517 0.64 4,036 9,506 42.46 838 27 3.10 3.05 1.64
1988 25,808 1,384,047 1.86 8,306 488,431 1.70 911 137,985 0.66 3,662 10,024 36.53 800 27 2.92 3.69 1.76
1989 25,063 1,415,213 1.77 8,551 522,483 1.64 858 142,749 0.60 3,141 10,371 30.29 768 28 2.75 3.64 1.86
1990 24,092 1,427,178 1.69 8,601 555,659 1.55 705 146,242 0.48 3,244 9,557 33.94 770 29 2.70 0.48 1.78
1991 22,385 1,411,655 1.59 8,391 595,924 1.41 661 149,543 0.44 2,806 9,178 30.57 800 28 2.89 0.79 1.72
1992 21,387 1,436,035 1.49 8,098 642,397 1.26 585 153,384 0.38 2,395 9,557 25.06 866 25 3.49 0.42 1.65
1993 21,566 1,445,106 1.49 8,511 675,353 1.26 605 159,888 0.38 2,449 9,906 24.72 744 23 3.26 0.01 1.56
1994 21,997 1,459,208 1.51 8,904 711,515 1.25 670 170,216 0.39 2,320 10,240 22.66 730 22 3.28 2.90 1.63
1995 22,423 1,478,352 1.52 9,568 749,971 1.28 648 178,156 0.36 2,227 9,797 22.73 734 25 2.95 1.99 1.65
1996 22,505 1,499,139 1.50 9,932 787,255 1.26 621 182,971 0.34 2,161 9,920 21.78 636 25 2.56 4.62 1.82
1997 22,199 1,528,399 1.45 10,249 824,896 1.24 723 191,477 0.38 2,116 10,081 20.99 631 26 2.47 0.08 1.72
1998 21,194 1,555,901 1.36 10,705 861,951 1.24 742 196,380 0.38 2,294 10,283 22.31 624 26 2.45 0.01 1.63
1999 20,862 1,569,455 1.33 11,265 900,667 1.25 759 202,688 0.37 2,483 10,584 23.46 621 29 2.12 0.11 1.54
2000 20,699 1,583,127 1.31 11,526 940,219 1.23 754 205,520 0.37 2,897 10,469 27.67 596 28 2.14 0.80 1.50
2001 20,320 1,596,579 1.27 11,723 973,401 1.20 708 208,928 0.34 3,197 9,633 33.19 562 25 2.21 4.85 1.69
2002 20,569 1,613,749 1.27 12,274 1,010,759 1.21 689 214,603 0.32 3,270 9,552 34.23 581 26 2.27 0.00 1.59
2003 19,725 1,613,543 1.22 12,546 1,042,444 1.20 726 217,876 0.33 3,714 9,576 38.78 633 26 2.43 0.21 1.52
2004 19,192 1,629,955 1.18 12,674 1,097,099 1.16 766 220,811 0.35 4,028 10,122 39.79 559 25 2.25 0.13 1.44
2005 18,512 1,616,908 1.14 13,037 1,132,564 1.15 804 222,523 0.36 4,576 10,454 43.77 563 23 2.43 0.20 1.37
2006 17,925 1,616,328 1.11 12,761 1,156,697 1.10 805 222,513 0.36 4,837 12,049 40.14 706 24 2.95 0.46 1.32
2007 16,614 1,554,673 1.07 12,458 1,136,361 1.10 805 304,178 0.26 5,174 21,396 24.18 496 24 2.08 0.01 1.25
2008 14,646 1,524,331 0.96 10,816 1,105,882 0.98 682 310,680 0.22 5,312 20,811 25.52 494 23 2.17 0.03 1.18
2009 13,135 1,508,687 0.87 10,312 1,122,909 0.92 499 288,306 0.17 4,469 20,822 21.46 479 21 2.30 0.54 1.15
2010 12,435 1,507,262 0.83 9,752 1,140,397 0.86 529 286,585 0.18 4,502 18,462 24.39 454 22 2.09 0.02 1.09

NOTES: Not all graph scales are comparable. Air carrier data were smoothed using an exponential smoothing model with a weight of 0.945 to reduce the year-to-year fluctuations. Air carrier fatalities resulting from the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks include only onboard fatalities. Highway fatality rates for 1999 through 2008 are revised.

SOURCES: Passenger car occupants, Light-truck occupants, Large-truck occupants, and Motorcycle riders—U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, Traffic Safety Facts (Annual Issues), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov as of January 2013. Large air carriers and General aviation—National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data—U.S. Air Carrier Operations and U.S. General Aviation, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/ as of October 2011 as reported in U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics, tables 2-9 and 2-14, available at http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/publications as of January 2013.