Table 5-11 Energy Consumption by Mode of Transportation: 1990, 2000, 2007–2010

Excel

Trillion Btu, domestic activities only

  1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010
Air            
Jet Fuel            
Certificated carriers 1,649 1,877 1,755 1,683 1,505 1,493
General aviation 90 131 201 230 195 193
Aviation gasoline            
General aviation 42 40 33 30 27 26
Highway            
Gasoline, diesel and other fuels            
Light duty vehicle, short wheel base, and motorcycle 8,720 9,159 11,256 10,760 10,767 10,833
Light duty vehicle, long wheel base 4,451 6,617 4,614 4,366 4,464 4,517
Single-unit truck 1,159 1,195 2,039 2,143 2,032 1,884
Combination truck 2,238 3,208 3,863 3,820 3,506 3,736
Bus 124 139 253 257 248 240
Transit            
Electricity 17 18 21 22 16 22
Motor fuel            
Diesel and biodiesel 90 82 74 74 91 81
Gasoline and other nondiesel fuels 4 3 4 4 13 13
Compressed natural gas U 6 15 16 20 18
Rail, Class I (in freight service)            
Distillate / diesel fuel 432 513 563 539 443 485
Amtrak            
Electricity 1 2 2 2 2 2
Distillate / diesel fuel 11 13 9 9 9 9
Water            
Residual fuel oil 947 960 947 758 680 630
Distillate / diesel fuel oil 286 284 267 165 176 186
Gasoline 163 141 153 142 141 146
Pipeline            
Natural gas 680 662 641 668 691 690

KEY: Btu = British thermal unit, U = data are unavailable.

NOTES: Certificated carriers are domestic operations only. General aviation includes fuel used in air taxi operations, but not commuter operations. 2010 General aviation data are estimated.

Highway data for 2007-09 were calculated using a new methodology developed by FHWA. Data for these years are based on new categories and are not comparable to previous years. The new category Light duty vehicle, short wheel base includes passenger cars, light trucks, vans and sport utility vehicles with a wheelbase equal to or less than 121 inches. The new category Light duty vehicle, long wheel base includes large passenger cars, vans, pickup trucks, and sport/utility vehicles with wheelbases larger than 121 inches.

The following conversion rates were used:

Jet fuel = 135,000 Btu/gallon
Aviation gasoline = 120,200 Btu/gallon
Compressed natural gas = 138,700 Btu/gallon
Distillate fuel = 138,700 Btu/gallon
Automotive gasoline = 125,000 Btu/gallon
Residual fuel oil = 149,700 Btu/gallon
Diesel motor fuel = 138,700 Btu/gallon
Natural gas = 1,031 Btu/ft3
Electricity 1kWh = 3,412 Btu, negating electrical system losses. To include approximate electrical system losses, multiply this conversion factor by 3.

SOURCES: Air: Federal Aviation Administration; Highway: Federal Highway Administration; Transit: American Public Transportation Association; Rail: Association of American Railroads; Amtrak: National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak), Energy Management Department; Water: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration and U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration; Pipeline: U. S. Department of Energy as cited in U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics, table 4-6, available at http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/publications as of January 2013.