Table 22 Value of U.S. Merchandise Trade with NAFTA Partners by Mode: 1997-2001

Table 22
Value of U.S. Merchandise Trade with NAFTA Partners by Mode: 1997-2001

(Billions of dollars)

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  1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 Percentage change, 2000-2001 Percentage change, 1997-2001 Average annual growth rate, 1997-2001
Total U.S. trade with Canada and Mexico                
Truck 323 350 385 429 395 -7.8 22.3 5.2
Rail 70 68 78 94 93 -1.7 32.6 7.3
Air 28 30 34 45 37 -17.7 33.3 7.5
Water 22 21 23 33 29 -10.1 35.4 7.9
Pipeline 14 11 12 24 26 12.0 87.0 16.9
Other1 19 23 25 29 33 12.4 75.6 15.1
Total trade 475 503 559 653 614 -6.1 29.1 6.6
Subtotal, land 426 452 501 576 547 -4.9 28.5 6.5
Land, % of total 89.6 89.9 89.7 88.1 89.2      
U.S. exports to Canada and Mexico                
Truck 167 175 190 212 192 -9.6 15.1 3.6
Rail 19 18 17 23 23 -0.3 23.6 5.4
Air 17 19 21 27 22 -18.7 25.4 5.8
Water 6 7 7 9 9 -5.0 48.0 10.3
Pipeline 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.5 1 11.7 107.9 20.1
Other1 12 14 15 16 19 18.3 53.8 11.4
Total exports 222 233 251 288 265 -8.0 19.7 4.6
Subtotal, land 198 208 223 252 235 -6.9 18.4 4.3
Land, % of total 89.5 89.2 88.7 87.5 88.4      
U.S. Imports from Canada and Mexico                
Truck 157 175 195 216 204 -6.0 30.0 6.8
Rail 51 49 61 71 69 -2.1 36.0 8.0
Air 10 11 13 18 15 -16.2 46.7 10.1
Water 16 14 16 23 21 -12.1 30.6 6.9
Pipeline 14 11 12 23 26 -12.0 86.6 16.9
Other1 6 9 10 13 14 5.4 116.7 21.3
Total imports 254 270 308 365 348 -4.6 37.2 8.2
Subtotal, land 228 244 279 324 313 -3.4 37.3 8.2
Land, % of total 89.7 90.5 90.5 88.7 89.8      

1 Other includes "flyaway aircraft" (i.e., aircraft moving from the manufacturer to a customer and not carrying any freight), vessels moving under their own power, pedestrians carrying freight, and miscellaneous.

NOTE: Shipments that neither originate nor terminate in the United States (i.e., in transit or in-bond shipments) are not included here, although they use the U.S. transportation system.These shipments are usually part of Mexico-Canada trade and simply pass through the United States. Merchandise trade data exclude export shipments valued at less than $2,500 and import shipments valued at less than $1,250. Individual modal totals may not sum to exact export or import totals due to rounding.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, special tabulation, May 2002; based on total trade, air and water data-U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Foreign Trade Division, FT920 U.S. Merchandise Trade 2000 to 2001 (Washington, DC: 2000-2001); and all land modes-U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Transborder Surface Freight Data, as of January 2002.