Welfare Reform and Access to Jobs in Boston

Welfare Reform and Access to Jobs in Boston

Welfare Reform and Access to Jobs in Boston

BTS98-A-02
January 1998


Table of Contents File Formats
Entire Report PDF
(2.10MB)
Introduction  
Welfare recipients, transportation, and employment  
Profile of the nations welfare population  
Travel patterns of single mothers  
Suburbanization, deconcentration, and spatial mismatch  
Welfare recipients in Boston  
Job opportunities for Boston welfare mothers  
Entry-level job opportunities in Boston  
Location of entry-level employment  
Transit in the suburbs: the job accessibility gap  
The gap between transit and employment  
Transit service takes too long, requires transfer, or is inadequate  
Summary and conclusions  
References  
Appendix - Industries in Massachusetts Likely to Create New Entry-Level Jobs  
List of Figures  
Figure 1 - Dependents of non-exempt Boston TANF recipients  
Figure 2 - Boston central-city employment by sector: 1970-90  
Figure 3 - Distribution of Boston central-city jobs by education level of jobholders: 1970-90  
Figure 4 - New entry-level jobs in Massachusetts: 1994-2005  
Figure 5 - The job accessibility gap  
List of Maps  
Map 1 - Concentration of Boston TANF recipients by ZIP code  
Map 2 - Entry-level employment growth in greater Boston by city and town  
Map 3 - Spatial distribution of potential entry-level employers in greater Boston  
Map 4 - Transit service to Boston high-employment areas  
Map 5 - Gap in transit service to Waltham, MA