|United||Network** Carrier Average||United's 2006 Rank Among 7 Network Carriers||Comment|
|Measure 1: System Operating Profit/(Loss) per Originating Passenger in Dollars||$11.47||$12.56||5||All of the network carriers except Delta and Alaska exceeded the profitability per originating passenger of Southwest|
|Measure 2: System Operating Expenses (excluding Regional Jet Contract) per Originating Passenger in Dollars||$392||$321||7||The network carriers' aggressive downsizing in operations reduced costs that help offset the parallel rise in fuel expense. Delta's costs rose $43 per passenger.|
|Measure 3: System Operating Expenses (excluding Regional Jet Contract) per Aircraft in Millions of Dollars||$33.461||$29.409||6||Operating costs per aircraft rose for all the network carriers except United. Delta's rose the most - $2.7 million per aircraft.|
|Measure 4: Passenger Revenue per Originating Passenger (excluding Regional Jet Contract Revenue) in dollars||$355||$293||1||Benefiting from the fare increases of the past 15 months, only American and Northwest had less passenger revenue per originating passenger in 2006 than in 2001. Delta had $55 more revenue per passenger.|
|Measure 5: Full-Time Equivalent Employees* per Aircraft||115||103||6||United, American and Delta reported the most FTEs per aircraft. Continental and Delta had the least improvement from 2001 to 2006.|
|Measure 6: Average Monthly Available Seat-Miles (ASMs) per Full-Time Equivalent Employee* in millions of ASMs||225||218||4||Delta generated 250 million ASMs per FTE, the most of any network carrier and showed the most improvement, 58 percent, from 2001 to 2006.|
|Measure 7: Average Monthly Revenue Aircraft Minutes per Full-Time Equivalent Employee* in Minutes||155||162||6||The network carriers improved by 40 percent but the low-cost carrier group has a wide advantage over the network airlines in average monthly revenue air minutes per FTE.|
|Measure 8: Average Monthly Originating Passengers per Full-Time Equivalent Employee*||62||75||7||The network carriers improved performance by 59 percent from 2001 to 2006.|
|Measure 9: Fuel Cost in Dollars per Originating Passenger||$123||$98||7||The network airlines' fuel cost per originating passenger more than doubled in 2006 to $91 per passenger from $39 in 2001. Delta's increase of $66 per passenger was the most of any airline.|
|Measure 10: Average Full-Time Equivalent Employee* Compensation (Salaries + Benefits) per Originating Passenger in dollars||$115||$95||7||The network carrier group reduced labor expense per originating passenger by $41 from 2001 to 2006. Delta cut costs by $26 per passenger.|
|Measure 11: Average Annual Full-Time Equivalent Employee* Compensation (Salaries + Benefits) in dollars||$84,910||$85,310||4||From 2001 to 2006, low-cost carrier annual compensation costs rose 40 percent while network airline costs were up a more modest 8 percent.|
Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics
* Full-time Equivalent Employee (FTE) calculations count two part-time employees as one full-time employee.
** Network carriers operate a significant portion of their flights using at least one hub where connections are made for flights on a spoke system.
*** Low-cost carriers are those that the industry recognizes as operating under a low-cost business model, with fewer infrastructure costs and greater expectations of productivity.