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Survey Results

Survey Results

Current Industry Status

About 80% of UL Mariners were working in the industry at the time of the survey (see Table 2). Over half (56%) of UL Mariners reported that they were either sailing or attempting to sail. An additional 24% reported that they were working ashore in a merchant-marine-related position.

In contrast, about 67% of Unlicensed Mariners reported that they were working in the industry. Slightly more than half (52%) reported that they were sailing or attempting to sail while 15% reported that they were working ashore in a merchant-marine-related position.

Those UL Mariners who were sailing or attempting to sail were more likely to report that they were sailing on ocean-going vessels (73%) than on inland vessels (11%), Great Lakes vessels (5%), or some other type of vessel (11%).

Unlicensed mariners who were sailing or attempting to sail were also more likely to report that they were on ocean-going vessels (see Table 3) than on other types of vessels.

Future Service to the Industry

About 7 out of 10 UL Mariners (72%) and Unlicensed Mariners (73%) report that they intend to serve at sea (or in a position for which the Coast Guard gives credit for sea time) in the future (see Table 4). About 6 out of 10 UL Mariners (63%) and 7 out of 10 (71%) Unlicensed Mariners report that they plan to work as a merchant mariner until eligible for retirement.

Mariners were asked to estimate how many more years they plan to work as a mariner before quitting or retiring. Over half (57%) of UL Mariners indicated they would spend less than 10 more years in the industry. In contrast, 58% of Unlicensed Mariners reported that they would stay 10 or more years (see Table 5).

Current Document Status

Nine out of 10 UL Mariners (92%) and Unlicensed Mariners (94%) report that they have an active merchant mariner document (MMD or Z card). Two percent of UL Mariners and 3% of Unlicensed Mariners report that they have an expired card that they plan to renew.

Status of STCW 95 Certificates

About 9 out of 10 (92%) UL mariners who sail on vessels requiring an STCW 95 certificate report that they have obtained a certificate and an additional 6% report that they are planning to obtain one. Only 2% of UL Mariners report that they do not plan to complete the requirements to obtain their certificate (see Table 6).

In contrast, only about 7 out of 10 (71%) Unlicensed Mariners who sail on vessels requiring an STCW 95 certificate had obtained certificates at the time of the survey. An additional 19% reported that they plan to obtain one and 10% reported that they did not plan to complete the requirements for the STCW 95 certificate.

Mariners who have or are pursuing an STCW 95 certificate were asked to identify the courses that they had already completed. The majority of UL Mariners have completed two of the three classes required of all UL mariners (see Table 7), and the majority of Deck Officers have completed their required courses.

Of the three required courses listed for Unlicensed Mariners, more than 9 out of 10 (96%) have completed Basic Safety Training while 41% have completed Advanced Firefighting and 13% report having completed Person-in-Charge training.

Impact of Reemployment Rights

One out of two UL Mariners (50%) and one out of three (34%) Unlicensed Mariners report that the legal right to return to a regular job would influence their decision to volunteer for a position on a vessel with a national defense mission. Of those who would be influenced, about 9 out of 10 reported that they would volunteer.

Volunteering for a National Defense Mission

Overall, 77% of UL Mariners and 67% of Unlicensed Mariners indicated that they would volunteer in the event of a national defense emergency (see Table 8).

Slightly less than half of UL Mariners (46%) and more than half (56%) of Unlicensed Mariners report that they would be willing to serve five or more months (see Table 9). The majority of UL Mariners (92%) and Unlicensed Mariners (90%) would like to have a break of one to four months between tours. Given their desired tour and break length, the majority of UL Mariners (67%) and Unlicensed Mariners (72%) would be willing to serve three or more tours.

About half (53%) of UL Mariners and two-thirds (67%) of Unlicensed Mariners report that the lowest billet they would accept for a national defense mission is their highest license or rating. An additional 34% of UL Mariners and 25% of Unlicensed Mariners indicate that they would accept a billet no more than one level below their highest status.

About 3 out of 10 UL Mariners (33%) and 4 out of 10 (38%) Unlicensed Mariners indicate that they could report for a national defense mission in less than 4 days (see Table 10). An additional 43% of UL Mariners and 40% of Unlicensed Mariners could report within 4 to 9 days.

U.S. Passport Status

About 86% of UL Mariners and 57% of Unlicensed Mariners report that they have a current U.S. passport. Of those mariners with a passport, about 70% report that their passport does not expire until 2005 or beyond.

Active Duty Military, Reserve, and National Guard Status

About 11% of UL Mariners report that they are currently active in a Reserve or Guard unit and an additional 12% report that they are retired from such a unit. Less than 5% of Unlicensed Mariners are active or retired members of a Reserve or Guard unit.

Among UL Mariners with Reserve or Guard membership, the majority (77%) report that they are active or retired members of the Naval ReserveMerchant Marine Reserve. An additional 17% are active or retired members of the Naval ReserveOther.

Less than 2% of either group of mariners are currently members of the Active Duty Armed Forces.

Most Recent Physical Exam

Over 80% of both UL and Unlicensed Mariners underwent a physical exam during the last two years.