The Safety Data and Analysis Program is designed to centralize, standardize and address gaps in safety data across all modes in support of the USDOT Safety Council. The safety data will allow the Safety Council to develop a formal process for multi-modal data sharing and adopt a data-driven approach to identify, analyze, evaluate, and potentially predict systemic problems and create improvements across modes and sectors.
FY 2012 Transportation Safety Data Program
|Program Activity||FY 2010 Actual||FY 2012 Request||ChangeFY 2010-2012|
|Safety Data Program||0||3,049||3,049|
1 The total funding includes salaries and administrative expenses and contract program.
The Safety Data and Analysis Program (SDAP) is a new initiative in FY 2012 to enable BTS to effectively integrate safety data across modes and address gaps in existing USDOT data programs. Improving safety throughout the transportation sector is USDOT's highest priority. To achieve this goal, Secretary LaHood has created a USDOT Safety Council to work collaboratively to address safety problems by leveraging resources, sharing experience, expertise and best practices. The Safety Council's strategy is to adopt a data-driven approach to identify, analyze, evaluate, and potentially predict systemic problems and create improvements across modes and sectors.
Partners: FHWA, NHTSA, FMCSA, FRA, MARAD, PHMSA, FTA, FAA, USDOT Safety Council, safety advocates and transportation industry.
Description: The SDAP addresses multimodal data issues and the DOT strategic goal of improving safety through accurate and timely potential incident and exposure data and analyses. This program augments USDOT's existing data collection and data analysis efforts, providing a portal for integrated data for research and decision making by critical stakeholders.
The SDAP will provide improved multimodal safety data and analysis through increased collaboration across modal administrations. The centralized data portal will provide standardized access to a wide array of data sources, and will identify and address gaps in USDOT data programs and identify high concentrations of transportation safety risk. Transportation risk is highly concentrated in certain sub-populations and occurs under certain conditions; e.g., in aviation on takeoffs and landings, especially at night; and in motor vehicle travel, especially with higher risk drivers.
The transportation safety data collected, processed, maintained, and disseminated by the different USDOT modal administrations lack uniformity and comparability in terminology and reporting formats (e.g., different injury reporting criteria), which may limit system-wide risk assessments and multimodal data analysis. In addition, there are gaps in existing data, such as a lack of complete information on operator fatigue and its impact on safety performance.
Without the requested funding, BTS will not be able to provide a multi-modal data portal and set of cross-cutting analysis capabilities in support of the USDOT's highest priority: safety. There would continue to be a significant number of unfilled gaps in safety data across the modes, and safety data would remain scattered among the modal administrations as opposed to being accessible through a centralized portal.
The likelihood of success for the requested program will be indicated by several factors:
Effectiveness: As an example, the preliminary results from the current confidential close-calls reporting system for rail has indicated that close-calls reporting systems are needed across modes to support safety initiatives.
Research: An NTSB report has recommended that BTS develop better risk exposure data: in reviewing BTS efforts to establish data quality standards, identify information gaps, and ensure compatibility between DOT safety data systems, the Safety Board recognizes a number of important BTS accomplishments. BTS has led safety data improvement efforts in recent years, and the Safety Board commends the DOT's efforts in this area.
Efficient: BTS, as a designated federal statistical agency, has authority to collect and protect confidential information. BTS is organized to collect and analyze cross-modal safety data.