OMB No. 0704-0188
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1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave blank):
2. REPORT DATE: April 2006
3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED: Final Report - April 2006
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE: Hydrogen Infrastructure Safety Technical Assessment and Research Results Gap Analysis
5. FUNDING NUMBERS:
6. AUTHOR(S): William P. Chernicoff,* Mark Richards** Glynn Hazelden**
7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES):
* US DOT -RITA – Office of Research Development & Technology
400 7th St. SW
Washington, DC 20590
**Gas Technology Institute
1700 S. Mount Prospect Rd.
Des Plaines, IL 60018
8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER: DOT-T-06-01
9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES):
U.S. Department of Transportation
Research and Innovative Technology Administration
Office of Research Development and Technology
10. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY REPORT NUMBER: DOT-T-06-01
11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES: None
12a. DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT: This document is available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161
12b. DISTRIBUTION CODE:
13. ABSTRACT (Maximum 200 words):
Public acceptance of hydrogen as an energy carrier for transportation and power generation technologies will depend on confidence in the safety of vehicles and power systems, and supporting delivery and storage infrastructure. Ensuring safety of the infrastructure for transporting, storing, and delivering hydrogen will be critical to the successful implementation of a hydrogen economy.
Industry is developing new packaging technologies and delivery systems to increase the efficiency and reduce the cost of deploying hydrogen to consumer applications. Many technologies use new materials or operate at increased pressure over existing industrial applications of hydrogen.
To enable successful introduction of hydrogen into the marketplace, the development of appropriate technical codes, standards, and regulations providing high levels of safety and environmental protection should proceed in parallel with the substantial pace of new technology development. If appropriate codes and standards are not developed in pace with new technology, the risks are twofold:
1. The lack of appropriate safety requirements could result in delayed technology introduction, lowered technology adoption rates, or unnecessary additional costs to deploy new technologies.
2. Technologies could be introduced and adopted which, to some degree, pose unnecessary safety and/or property risks.
This report identifies gaps in the current hydrogen technology base, and recommends solutions to U.S. DOT for closing these gaps.
14. SUBJECT TERMS: Hydrogen, hydrogen safety, safety analysis, gap analysis, PHMSA, HAZMAT, pipeline safety
15. NUMBER OF PAGES: 172
16. PRICE CODE:
17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF REPORT: Unclassified
18. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE: Unclassified
19. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF ABSTRACT: Unclassified
20. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT: