Progress: Not Addressed
DOT Relevance: §192.501 – §192.517
Hydrogen attack can lead to increased crack propagation susceptibility, which degrades properties such as ductility and fracture toughness. Subpart J of 49 CFR 192 prescribes the minimum leak test and strength test requirements for pipelines.
This area is critical because loss of mechanical properties in the pipe can lead to pipe failure.
ASME has identified a
research need for hydrogen testing requirements. This need was presented during
the Materials and Components for the Hydrogen Economy Codes and Standards
SNL is conducting hydrogen compatible materials studies. The focus is on material data for applications that involve the storage, distribution, and consumption of high-pressure hydrogen gas. Pertinent data include hydrogen-affected mechanical properties (yield, tensile strength, ductility, fracture toughness, threshold stress-intensity factor, fatigue crack growth rate, fatigue crack growth threshold, and impact fracture energy).
Work underway at UIUC has indicated that fatigue cracking appears to be more of prevalent in low cycle rate, low stress situations than in high cycle rate, higher stress situations.
The ASME B31.12 hydrogen task group is considering the addition of cautionary statements on fatigue in hydrogen pipelines and piping. Appropriate tests for hydrogen pipe should be devised including pressure cycling. Once this research has been completed, current standards should be amended based on this research and these amendments incorporated by reference into the federal code.