Table 1a. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 1a. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
Percent of total 2002
Percent of
All modes 200,813 100.0 75,123 100.0 14,077 100.0 528
Single modes 154,344 76.9 72,404 96.4 12,829 91.1 200
Truck2 145,408 72.4 70,702 94.1 11,787 83.7 170
For-hire Truck 80,082 39.9 25,279 33.7 9,826 69.8 555
Private Truck 53,306 26.5 45,286 60.3 1,841 13.1 50
Rail S S S S S S 1,169
Water S S S S S S S
Shallow draft S S S S S S 64
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 3
Air (including truck and air) S S 38 64 0.5 1,455
Pipeline3 S S S
Multiple modes 40,169 20.0 1,076 1.4 740 5.3 847
Parcel, USPS or courier 39,801 19.8 935 1.2 517 3.7 847
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,551
Truck and water S S S S S S 6,711
Rail and water
Other multiple modes S S S S S S 877
Other and unknown modes 6,300 3.1 1,643 2.2 509 3.6 218

– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentially protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual States Data, December 2004.