Table 1a. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 1a. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
Percent of total 2002
Percent of
All modes 31,191 100.0 33,751 100.0 4,773 100.0 795
Single modes 21,714 69.6 31,556 93.5 3,843 80.5 373
Truck2 19,541 62.7 30,651 90.8 3,711 77.7 337
For-hire Truck 11,937 38.3 11,531 34.2 2,925 61.3 907
Private Truck 7,590 24.3 19,114 56.6 781 16.4 63
Rail S S S S S S 1,600
Water S S S S S S 226
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 226
Air (including truck and air) 1,887 6.0 9 10 0.2 1,555
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 8,361 26.8 163 0.5 143 3.0 1,043
Parcel, USPS or courier 8,341 26.7 159 0.5 131 2.7 1,043
Truck and rail S S S S S S 3,035
Truck and water 3 S S S S S
Rail and water
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,115 3.6 S S S S 392

– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentially protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual States Data, December 2004.