Table 1a. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Table 1a. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
Percent of total 2002
Percent of
All modes 18,921 100.0 88,302 100.0 20,709 100.0 320
Single modes 15,855 83.8 54,082 61.2 19,753 95.4 131
Truck2 13,126 69.4 37,627 42.6 5,398 26.1 115
For-hire Truck 4,799 25.4 12,613 14.3 3,630 17.5 296
Private Truck 8,284 43.8 24,771 28.1 1,724 8.3 85
Rail 2,627 13.9 16,412 18.6 14,353 69.3 958
Water S S S S S S 14
Shallow draft S S S S S S 14
Great Lakes
Deep draft
Air (including truck and air) 74 0.4 S S S S 1,629
Pipeline3 S S S S S S S
Multiple modes 1,466 7.7 S S S S 648
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,433 7.6 59 33 0.2 647
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,619
Truck and water S S S S S S 4,252
Rail and water S S S S S S 2,205
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 1,600 8.5 33,973 38.5 523 2.5 S

– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentially protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual States Data, December 2004.