Table 3a. Shipment Characteristics by Distance Shipped for the United States: 2012

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(Estimates are based on data from the 2012 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive)

Distance shipped (1)
(based on Great Circle Distance)
Value Tons Ton-miles (2)
2012
(million dollars)
Percent of total 2012
(thousands)
Percent of total 2012
(millions)
Percent of total
Total 13,852,143 100.0 11,299,409 100.0 2,969,506 100.0
Less than 50 miles 4,995,112 36.1 6,315,527 55.9 122,912 4.1
50 to 99 miles 1,356,710 9.8 1,139,713 10.1 104,942 3.5
100 to 249 miles 2,111,969 15.2 1,338,823 11.8 297,268 10.0
250 to 499 miles 1,735,174 12.5 949,748 8.4 460,993 15.5
500 to 749 miles 1,134,327 8.2 591,737 5.2 514,223 17.3
750 to 999 miles 796,942 5.8 446,299 3.9 525,243 17.7
1,000 to 1,499 miles 810,449 5.9 362,909 3.2 567,159 19.1
1,500 to 1,999 miles 489,495 3.5 105,065 0.9 238,211 8.0
2,000 miles or more 421,964 3.0 49,589 0.4 138,555 4.7

(1) Shipments are grouped into distance categories based on Great Circle Distance (GCD). GCD is the shortest distance between two points on the surface of a sphere over the surface of that sphere.

(2) Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See “Mileage Calculations” section for additional information.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at <www.census.gov/econ/cfs>.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2014.