Table 5-4 Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement—Fiscal Year 2001 Participants

Table 5-4
Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement—Fiscal Year 2001 Participants

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Alaska Cargo Transport, Inc.
American Automar, Inc.
American President Lines, Ltd.
American Roll-On Roll-Off Carrier, LLC
American Ship Management, LLCa
Automar International Car Carrier, Inc.a
Beyel Brothers Inc.
Central Gulf Lines, Inc.a
Cook Inlet Marine
Crowley Liner Services, Inc.
Crowley Marine Services, Inc.
CSX Lines, LLC
Donjon Marine Co., Inc.
Double Eagle Marine, LLC
E-Ships, Inc.a
Farrell Lines Inc.
First American Bulk Carrier Corp.a
First Ocean Bulk Carrier-I, LLCa
First Ocean Bulk Carrier-II, LLCa
First Ocean Bulk Carrier-III, LLCa
Foss Maritime Co.
Gimrock Maritime, Inc.
Liberty Shipping Group Limited Partnership
Lockwood Brothers, Inc.
Lykes Lines Limited, LLC
Lynden Inc.
Maersk Line, Ltd.a
Matson Navigation Co., Inc.
Maybank Navigation Co., LLC
McAllister Towing and Transportation Co., Inc.
Moby Marine Corp.
Moran Towing Corp.
NPR, Inc.
Ocean Marine Shipping, Inc.
Odyssea Shipping Line LLC
OSG Car Carriers, Inc.a
Resolve Towing & Salvage, Inc.
Samson Tug & Barge Co., Inc.
Sea Star Line, LLC
Seacor Marine International Inc.
Sealift Inc.
Signet Maritime Corp.
Smith Maritime
STEA Corp.
Stevens Towing Co., Inc.
Superior Marine Services, Inc.
Totem Ocean Trailer Express, Inc.
Trailer Bridge, Inc.
TransAtlantic Lines LLC
Trico Marine Operators, Inc.
Troika International, Ltd.
U.S. Ship Management, Inc.a
Van Ommeren Shipping (USA) LLC
Waterman Steamship Corp.a
Weeks Marine, Inc.

aDenotes Maritime Security Program operators.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, Office of Sealift Support, 2001.

  • The Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement (VISA) is the Department of Defense's (DOD's) principal commercial sealift readiness program. VISA was jointly developed by the Maritime Administration (MARAD) and the U.S. Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM).
  • As of May 1, 2001, 55 U.S.-flag carriers, 114 oceangoing vessels, and 397 miscellaneous vessels (including tugs, barges, and offshore supply vessels) were enrolled in the VISA program. The VISA program provides DOD with sealift capacity and other transportation resources. DOD has estimated that it would cost over $9 billion to duplicate the current VISA fleet.
  • Maritime Security Program (MSP) (see table 5-2) vessels represent approximately 70 percent of the VISA fleet capacity. MSP operators are required to commit their MSP vessels to VISA. Non-MSP U.S.-flag carriers volunteer for VISA participation in exchange for priority carriage of DOD peacetime cargoes.
  • VISA provides for a Joint Planning Advisory Group (JPAG) chaired by MARAD and USTRANSCOM. JPAG meetings generally convene on a semiannual basis during peacetime, and as necessary during war or national emergency. During JPAG meetings, MARAD, USTRANSCOM, and maritime industry representatives identify and discuss DOD requirements, concepts of operations, and test program arrangements.