Table 1-50: U.S. Ton-Miles of Freight (BTS Special Tabulation) (Millions)

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  1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
TOTAL U.S. ton-miles of freight 4,172,989 4,132,385 4,010,592 4,112,419 4,227,617 4,221,461 4,280,091 4,459,963 4,606,023 4,577,594 4,655,432 4,676,163 4,805,060 4,858,768 5,089,119 5,288,639 5,394,429 5,444,841 5,463,709 5,482,577 5,501,444 5,520,312 5,539,180 5,579,251 5,619,322 (R)5,621,751 (R)5,614,804 (R)5,689,924 (R)6,044,871 (R)5,419,599 (R)5,673,656 (R)5,902,243 4,913,983 5,060,282 5,293,131
Air 4,528 4,658 4,476 5,055 5,493 5,156 6,356 7,589 8,169 8,954 9,064 8,860 9,820 10,675 11,803 12,520 12,861 13,601 13,840 14,202 14,983 13,069 13,370 15,231 16,451 (R)15,002 (R)14,702 (R)14,612 (R)13,133 (R)11,503 (R)12,026 (R)11,590 11,836 11,883 12,273
Truck 1,266,631 1,269,094 1,300,864 1,355,837 1,421,966 1,441,906 1,478,928 1,558,806 1,610,977 1,666,597 1,707,373 1,745,913 1,790,756 1,866,690 1,987,270 2,080,039 2,136,184 2,233,950 2,273,588 2,297,372 2,326,524 2,362,063 2,427,693 2,478,740 2,427,170 2,453,347 2,405,811 2,495,786 2,752,658 2,449,509 2,512,429 2,643,567 1,894,029 1,950,826 1,996,165
Railroad 932,000 924,000 810,000 841,000 900,091 876,209 891,235 951,940 1,025,683 1,045,628 1,064,408 1,041,929 1,098,379 1,135,016 1,221,073 1,317,010 1,377,095 1,391,089 1,448,352 1,503,665 1,546,319 1,599,332 1,605,532 1,603,564 1,683,895 (R)1,696,425 (R)1,771,897 (R)1,770,545 (R)1,777,236 (R)1,534,214 (R)1,691,004 (R)1,729,256 1,712,567 1,740,687 1,851,229
Domestic water transportation 921,835 929,413 886,469 919,566 887,719 892,971 873,401 895,415 890,029 815,550 833,544 848,399 856,685 789,658 814,919 807,728 764,687 707,410 672,795 655,862 645,799 621,686 612,080 606,146 621,170 (R)591,277 561,629 553,151 520,521 477,122 (R)502,212 499,748 474,758 465,091 504,494
Coastwise 631,149 634,765 632,707 649,750 593,923 610,977 580,889 586,818 561,595 483,889 479,134 502,133 502,311 448,404 457,601 440,345 408,086 349,843 314,864 292,730 283,872 274,559 263,688 278,919 279,857 263,464 227,155 228,052 207,877 196,290 192,348 180,212 157,091 163,810 172,470
Lakewise 61,747 62,148 35,623 43,088 49,784 48,184 43,198 50,077 58,160 58,308 60,930 55,339 55,785 56,438 58,263 59,704 58,335 62,166 61,654 57,045 57,879 50,854 53,653 47,539 55,733 51,924 53,105 51,893 50,263 33,509 45,346 49,079 47,966 48,673 49,539
Internal 227,343 231,184 217,027 225,628 242,855 232,708 248,117 257,336 269,036 272,157 292,393 289,959 297,639 283,894 297,762 306,329 296,791 294,023 294,896 304,724 302,558 294,861 293,410 278,352 284,096 274,367 279,778 271,617 260,960 244,995 263,242 269,192 268,428 251,506 281,274
Intraport 1,596 1,316 1,112 1,100 1,157 1,102 1,197 1,184 1,238 1,196 1,087 968 950 922 1,293 1,350 1,475 1,378 1,381 1,362 1,490 1,413 1,329 1,336 1,484 1,521 1,591 1,589 1,421 2,327 1,277 1,265 1,272 1,103 1,212
Pipeline 1,047,995 1,005,219 1,008,784 990,961 1,012,349 1,005,219 1,030,172 1,046,212 1,071,165 1,040,865 1,041,044 1,031,063 1,049,420 1,056,728 1,054,054 1,071,343 1,103,602 1,098,790 1,055,133 1,011,476 967,819 924,162 880,504 875,570 870,635 865,700 860,766 855,831 981,323 947,252 955,986 1,018,082 820,793 891,795 928,970

KEY: R = revised.

NOTE

Based on the Freight Analysis Framework (FAF) BTS developed a more comprehensive and reliable estimates of ton-miles for the Air, Truck, Rail, Water, and Pipeline modes than are presented in table 1-49. These improved estimates are not comparable to data in table 1-49.

SOURCES

Total:

Summation of individual modes.

Air:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Statistics - Green Book, (Washington, DC, December issues), p. 3, line 3.

2005-14: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, TranStats Database, T1: U.S. Air Carrier Traffic and Capacity Summary by Service Class, available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/DL_SelectFields.asp?Table_ID=264&DB_Short_N... as of Apr. 11, 2017.

Rail:

Estimates come from the Association of American Railroads using ton mile values from the Surface Transportation Board’s Waybill Sample.  The Waybill Sample represents all major U.S. railroads, including all Class I railroads and several short-line railroads.

2005-14: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), p. 30 and similar pages in previous editions.

Truck:

1980-96: 1997 Truck value, adjusted using U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), Table VM-1, Vehicle Miles Traveled, Total Rural and Urban, for Single-Unit 2 Axle 6-Tire or more and Combination Trucks.

1997-2011: Difference between total of all modes, and sum of other modes.

2012-14: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, available at http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Extraction1.aspx.

Pipeline:

1980-96: 1997 Pipeline value, adjusted using Association of Petroleum Pipelines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1, available at http://www.aopl.org/publications/?fa=reports as of Oct. 22, 2013.

2012-14: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, available at http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Extraction1.aspx.

Water:

2000-14: Ibid., Waterborne Commerce of the United States (New Orleans, LA: Annual Issues), part 5, tables 1-4, available at http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/wcsc/wcsc.htm as of Apr. 11, 2017.