Table 1-50M: U.S. Tonne-Kilometers of Freight (BTS Special Tabulation) (Millions)

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  1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
TOTAL U.S. ton-miles of freight 6,092,447 6,033,166 5,855,352 6,004,017 6,172,203 6,163,215 6,248,813 6,511,421 6,724,664 6,683,159 6,796,801 6,827,067 7,015,251 7,093,663 7,429,968 7,721,265 7,875,716 7,949,315 7,976,861 8,004,407 8,031,954 8,059,502 8,087,047 8,145,550 8,204,052 (R) 8,207,599 (R) 8,197,456 (R) 8,307,130 (R) 8,825,342 (R) 7,912,463 (R) 8,283,379 (R) 8,617,109 7,174,278 7,387,870 7,727,822
Air 6,611 6,801 6,534 7,380 8,019 7,527 9,279 11,080 11,927 13,073 13,233 12,935 14,336 15,585 17,232 18,279 18,776 19,857 20,206 20,734 21,875 19,081 19,520 22,237 24,019 (R) 21,903 (R) 21,464 (R) 21,334 (R) 19,174 (R) 16,795 (R) 17,557 (R) 16,921 17,280 17,349 17,918
Truck 1,849,246 1,852,842 1,899,224 1,979,484 2,076,030 2,105,142 2,159,193 2,275,813 2,351,981 2,433,184 2,492,717 2,548,983 2,614,454 2,725,316 2,901,358 3,036,799 3,118,769 3,261,505 3,319,375 3,354,099 3,396,660 3,448,546 3,544,364 3,618,890 3,543,600 3,581,817 3,512,416 3,643,777 4,018,804 3,576,214 3,668,076 3,859,534 2,765,230 2,848,151 2,914,345
Railroad 1,360,694 1,349,014 1,182,577 1,227,836 1,314,108 1,279,241 1,301,177 1,389,806 1,497,469 1,526,588 1,554,005 1,521,187 1,603,603 1,657,092 1,782,732 1,922,797 2,010,520 2,030,951 2,114,554 2,195,309 2,257,582 2,334,980 2,344,032 2,341,159 2,458,440 (R) 2,476,733 (R) 2,586,920 (R) 2,584,946 (R) 2,594,715 (R) 2,239,909 (R) 2,468,818 (R) 2,524,665 2,500,300 2,541,354 2,702,743
Domestic water transportation 1,345,853 1,356,917 1,294,220 1,342,541 1,296,045 1,303,713 1,275,141 1,307,281 1,299,417 1,190,680 1,216,951 1,238,639 1,250,733 1,152,877 1,189,756 1,179,260 1,116,422 1,032,799 982,262 957,539 942,848 907,646 893,620 884,956 906,891 (R) 863,248 819,962 807,585 759,945 696,584 (R) 733,215 729,617 693,133 679,020 736,547
Coastwise 921,460 926,739 923,735 948,617 867,111 892,009 848,082 856,738 819,913 706,464 699,522 733,100 733,360 654,657 668,083 642,891 595,794 510,761 459,693 427,378 414,445 400,848 384,977 407,214 408,583 384,650 331,640 332,950 303,495 286,578 280,822 263,104 229,349 239,158 251,801
Lakewise 90,149 90,734 52,009 62,907 72,683 70,347 63,068 73,111 84,912 85,128 88,956 80,793 81,443 82,398 85,062 87,166 85,167 90,761 90,013 83,284 84,502 74,245 78,332 69,406 81,369 75,808 77,532 75,762 73,383 48,923 66,203 71,654 70,029 71,061 72,325
Internal 331,914 337,522 316,853 329,411 354,562 339,747 362,244 375,703 392,785 397,342 426,886 423,332 434,543 414,477 434,724 447,232 433,307 429,265 430,540 444,889 441,726 430,489 428,370 406,386 414,772 400,568 408,468 396,554 380,994 357,685 384,326 393,013 391,898 367,192 410,652
Intraport 2,330 1,921 1,623 1,606 1,689 1,609 1,748 1,729 1,807 1,746 1,587 1,413 1,387 1,345 1,886 1,971 2,153 2,012 2,016 1,988 2,175 2,063 1,940 1,951 2,167 2,221 2,323 2,320 2,074 3,398 1,864 1,846 1,857 1,610 1,769
Pipeline 1,530,043 1,467,592 1,472,796 1,446,775 1,478,001 1,467,592 1,504,022 1,527,441 1,563,870 1,519,634 1,519,895 1,505,323 1,532,124 1,542,793 1,538,890 1,564,130 1,611,229 1,604,203 1,540,465 1,476,726 1,412,988 1,349,250 1,285,512 1,278,307 1,271,103 1,263,898 1,256,694 1,249,489 1,432,704 1,382,961 1,395,713 1,486,371 1,198,335 1,301,995 1,356,270

KEY: R = revised.

NOTE

Based on the Freight Analysis Framework (FAF) BTS developed a more comprehensive and reliable estimates of ton-miles for the Air, Truck, Rail, Water, and Pipeline modes than are presented in table 1-49. These improved estimates are not comparable to data in table 1-49.

SOURCES

Total:

Summation of individual modes.

Air:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Statistics - Green Book, (Washington, DC, December issues), p. 3, line 3.

2005-14: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, TranStats Database, T1: U.S. Air Carrier Traffic and Capacity Summary by Service Class, available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/DL_SelectFields.asp?Table_ID=264&DB_Short_N... as of Apr. 11, 2017.

Rail:

Estimates come from the Association of American Railroads using ton mile values from the Surface Transportation Board’s Waybill Sample.  The Waybill Sample represents all major U.S. railroads, including all Class I railroads and several short-line railroads.

2005-14: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), p. 30 and similar pages in previous editions.

Truck:

1980-96: 1997 Truck value, adjusted using U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), Table VM-1, Vehicle Miles Traveled, Total Rural and Urban, for Single-Unit 2 Axle 6-Tire or more and Combination Trucks.

1997-2011: Difference between total of all modes, and sum of other modes.

2012-14: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, available at http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Extraction1.aspx.

Pipeline:

1980-96: 1997 Pipeline value, adjusted using Association of Petroleum Pipelines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1, available at http://www.aopl.org/publications/?fa=reports as of Oct. 22, 2013.

2012-14: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, available at http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Extraction1.aspx.

Water:

2000-14: Ibid., Waterborne Commerce of the United States (New Orleans, LA: Annual Issues), part 5, tables 1-4, available at http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/wcsc/wcsc.htm as of Apr. 11, 2017.