Table 4-4 Average Pricea of Fossil Fuel to End-Users
Average Pricea of Fossil Fuel to End-Users
(Current U.S. cents per liter)
|Motor vehicle fuel|
|Average over all types|
|Price with taxes||U||U||U||U||U||U||32.1||31.8||34.0|
|Price with taxes||43.1||30.7||31.7||21.5||25.5||28.2||U||29.3||32.6|
aUnless otherwise stated in the country notes below, prices include the cost of the fuel and taxes. Taxes are given separately in this table only for all types of motor vehicle gasoline and for motor vehicle diesel fuel. See Appendix B for information on fuel taxes in each country.
Data refer to sales price to the public as of December 31 of each year.
Motor vehicle fuel taxes: Sales weighted average of Federal and state fuel taxes only. Does not include state sales taxes. If these were included, they would raise the average tax in 1996 by roughly half a cent per liter for both gasoline and diesel. Note that the motor vehicle fuel prices do include state sales taxes.
Aviation fuel: Does not include any taxes. Price of jet fuel is that paid by the large certified air carriers, which are defined in
Rail fuel: Price includes federal fuel taxes only, no state taxes are included.
Natural Resources Canada. Office of Energy Efficiency. (Ottawa, Ont.: 1998).
Petróleos Mexicanos. Anuario Estadístico, 1998. (Mexico City, D.F.: 1999).
Petróleos Mexicanos. PEMEX-Refinación. Subgerencia de Planeación (Mexico City, D.F.: 1999)
Motor vehicle fuel: U.S. Department of Energy. Energy Information Administration. Annual Energy Review 1997. (Washington, DC: 1998).
U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics, Summary to 1995. (Washington, DC: 1996).
U.S. Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. Highway Statistics, 1996. (Washington, DC: 1997).
Aviation fuel, gasoline: U.S. Department of Energy. Energy Information Administration. Annual Energy Review, 1997. (Washington, DC: 1998).
Aviation fuel, jet fuel: U.S. Department of Transportation. Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Office of Airline Information. Private Communication. (Washington, DC: 1998).
Rail fuel: Association of American Railroads. Railroad Facts, 1997 Edition. (Washington, DC: 1997).
Rail fuel taxes: Association of American Railroads. Private Communication. (Washington, DC: 1998).
Water transport: U.S. Department of Transportation. Maritime Administration (MARAD). Private Communication. (Washington, DC: 1998).