Table 5 Injured Persons by Transportation Mode

Table 5 Injured Persons by Transportation Mode

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Mode 1970 1980 1990 2000 2004
Air carrier 107 19 29 29 P19
Commuter air carrier N 14 11 7 P1
On-demand air taxi N 43 36 12 P18
General aviation 715 681 409 309 P266
Highwaya N N 3,230,666 3,188,750 2,788,378
Railroadb 17,394 58,696 22,736 10,424 P8,402
Transitc N N 54,556 56,697 d17,618
Commercial ship - Vessel accidents 105 180 175 130 198
Commercial ship - Nonvessel accidentse U U U 567 505
Recreational boating 780 2,650 3,822 4,355 3,363
Gas and hazardous liquid pipeline 254 192 76 81 55

a Includes passenger car occupants, motorcyclists, light-duty and large-truck occupants, bus occupants, occupants of unknown vehicle types, and pedestrians, pedalcyclists, and other nonmotorists.

b Injuries resulting from train accidents, train and nontrain incidents, and occupational illness. Includes Amtrak. 1970 data are not comparable to data for later years due to a change in the reporting system.

c Injuries resulting from all reportable incidents, not just from accidents. Includes commuter rail, heavy rail, light rail, motorbus, demand response, van pool, and automated guideway.

d The National Transit Database (NTD) injury definition was changed in 2002 so that only incidents involving immediate medical treatment away from the scene qualify as reportable injuries. Previously, any reported incident/injury was reported to NTD.

e Injuries unrelated to vessel accidents, e.g., an individual getting a cut while onboard a vessel.

Key: N = data are nonexistent; P = preliminary; U = unavailable.

Note: Each mode may use different reporting criteria for injuries.

Sources: Except as noted, various sources, as cited in USDOT, RITA, BTS, National Transportation Statistics, table 2-2, available at, forthcoming. 2004 highway-USDOT, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, personal communication, October 2005. 2004 recreational boating-U.S. Coast Guard, Boating Statistics 2004 (annual issues), available at, as of September 2005.