Table 5-11 Energy Consumption by Mode of Transportation: 1990, 2000, 2007–2010
Trillion Btu, domestic activities only
|Gasoline, diesel and other fuels|
|Light duty vehicle, short wheel base, and motorcycle||8,720||9,159||11,256||10,760||10,767||10,833|
|Light duty vehicle, long wheel base||4,451||6,617||4,614||4,366||4,464||4,517|
|Diesel and biodiesel||90||82||74||74||91||81|
|Gasoline and other nondiesel fuels||4||3||4||4||13||13|
|Compressed natural gas||U||6||15||16||20||18|
|Rail, Class I (in freight service)|
|Distillate / diesel fuel||432||513||563||539||443||485|
|Distillate / diesel fuel||11||13||9||9||9||9|
|Residual fuel oil||947||960||947||758||680||630|
|Distillate / diesel fuel oil||286||284||267||165||176||186|
KEY: Btu = British thermal unit, U = data are unavailable.
NOTES: Certificated carriers are domestic operations only. General aviation includes fuel used in air taxi operations, but not commuter operations. 2010 General aviation data are estimated.
Highway data for 2007-09 were calculated using a new methodology developed by FHWA. Data for these years are based on new categories and are not comparable to previous years. The new category Light duty vehicle, short wheel base includes passenger cars, light trucks, vans and sport utility vehicles with a wheelbase equal to or less than 121 inches. The new category Light duty vehicle, long wheel base includes large passenger cars, vans, pickup trucks, and sport/utility vehicles with wheelbases larger than 121 inches.
The following conversion rates were used:
Jet fuel = 135,000 Btu/gallon
Aviation gasoline = 120,200 Btu/gallon
Compressed natural gas = 138,700 Btu/gallon
Distillate fuel = 138,700 Btu/gallon
Automotive gasoline = 125,000 Btu/gallon
Residual fuel oil = 149,700 Btu/gallon
Diesel motor fuel = 138,700 Btu/gallon
Natural gas = 1,031 Btu/ft3
Electricity 1kWh = 3,412 Btu, negating electrical system losses. To include approximate electrical system losses, multiply this conversion factor by 3.
SOURCES: Air: Federal Aviation Administration; Highway: Federal Highway Administration; Transit: American Public Transportation Association; Rail: Association of American Railroads; Amtrak: National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak), Energy Management Department; Water: U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration and U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration; Pipeline: U. S. Department of Energy as cited in U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics, table 4-6, available at http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/publications as of January 2013.