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BTS Program Resources

BTS Program Resources

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Slide 1

Advisory Council on Transportation Statistics

BTS Program Resources
June 4, 2010

Slide 2

Bureau of Transportation Statistics Budget

  • Budget Enacted, by fiscal year
    • 2008 – $27M
    • 2009 – $27M
    • 2010 – $28M ($27M available under contract authority)
    • 2011 – $30M (President's request, $27M under contract authority)
  • The FY 2011 increase request reflects $2M for Commodity Flow Survey and $1M for general BTS programs
  • Although the requested obligation limitation increase is $2 million, there is insufficient contract authority to provide for this enhancement. The BTS account is limited to the $27 million SAFETEA-LU Extension Act.  

Slide 3

Highway Trust Fund Allocation

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

Appropriations Summary by Program Activity
Appropriations, Obligation Limitations, and Exempt Obligations ($000)

Travel Statistics 2,947 3,056 3,056 0
Freight Statistics 10,723 11,120 13,120 2,000
Transportation Economics 1,811 1,878 1,878 0
Geospatial Information 1,758 1,823 1,823 0
Compilations, Methods, and Standards 7,416 7,691 7,691 0
National Transportation Library 2,345 2,432 2,432 0
TOTAL: [Discretionary] [27,000] [28,000] [30,000] [2,000]
Direct Funded 68 70 70 0
Reimbursable FTE 16 19 19 0

Slide 4

Airline Statistics

Actual and Requested Program Budget ($000)

FY2010 Actual – 4,000

FY2011 Requested – 4,000

FY10-FY11 Change – 0

Airline Statistics is a BTS Reimbursable Program

Slide 5

Travel Statistics

Program Budget ($000)

FY2009 Actual – 2,947

FY2010 Enacted – 3,056

FY2011 Requested – 3,056

FY10-FY11 Change – 0

The Travel Statistics Program provides information regarding business and personal travel as well as passenger travel facilities. Travel data is prepared and disseminated for Federal, State, and local governments to effectively establish transportation policy, planning, and program management.

Slide 6

Freight Statistics

Program Budget ($000)

FY2009 Actual – 10,723

FY2010 Enacted – 11,120

FY2011 Requested – 13,120

FY10-FY11 Change – 2,000

The Freight Data Program develops and compiles data and information on the movement of freight within, through, into, and from United States by all modes of transportation. It is a critical program that focuses on collecting, compiling, analyzing, and publishing a comprehensive set of transportation statistics on the performance and impacts of national and international freight flows on the Nation's transportation system.

Slide 7

Transportation Economics

Program Budget ($000)

FY2009 Actual – 1,811

FY2010 Enacted – 1,878

FY2011 Requested – 1,878

FY10-FY11 Change – 0

The Transportation Economics Program develops basic economic and financial data to support transportation decision making, including the development of economic indicators that explain the relationship between transportation and the economy. Program products provide transportation policy officials with information and data on how decisions influence the larger economy to optimize transportation investments, improve transportation system productivity, and increase the value of transportation to users.

Slide 8

Geospatial Information

Program Budget ($000)

FY2009 Actual – 1,758

FY2010 Enacted – 1,823

FY2011 Requested – 1,823

FY10-FY11 Change – 0

The Geospatial Information Program provides a comprehensive set of geospatial information as the basis for planning, policy, investment, asset management, and improved transportation decision making. Transportation planners and others can use geospatial information to prioritize highway maintenance projects, study noise footprints around airports, and plan for system disruptions due to natural disasters or national security threats.

Slide 9

Compilations, Methods, and Standards

Program Budget ($000)

FY2009 Actual –7,416

FY2010 Enacted – 7,691

FY2011 Requested – 7,691

FY10-FY11 Change – 0

The Compilations, Methods, and Standards Program compiles and publishes multi-modal and intermodal transportation data and analysis covering critical and timely transportation topics with the ultimate goal of providing quality data and information for all modes of transportation for decision making. The program assembles data and provides technical support regarding performance measure scope, sources, statistical issues, completeness, and reliability for the DOT operating administrations.

Slide 10

National Transportation Library

Program Budget ($000)

FY2009 Actual – 2,345

FY2010 Enacted – 2,432

FY2011 Requested – 2,432

FY10-FY11 Change – 0

The National Transportation Library maintains and facilitates access to statistical and other information needed for transportation decision making at the Federal, State, and local levels. These goals are achieved through coordination with public and private transportation libraries and information providers to improve information sharing among the transportation community.

Slide 11

Advisory Council on Transportation Statistics

BTS Stakeholder Key Ideas Regarding Data to Enhance Decision Making

June 4, 2010

Slide 12

Stakeholder Ideas for Enhanced Decision Making

Ten Priority Data Ideas

  • Enhanced Airline Statistics and Analysis
  • Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey (VIUS)
  • Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) Enhancements
  • International Freight Data System (IFDS)
  • Expanded Safety Data


Slide 13

Stakeholder Ideas for Enhanced Decision Making

Ten Priority Data Ideas (continued)

  • Local Freight Data (e.g., metro truck movement)
  • Improved Data Quality and Performance Measures
  • Economic Competitiveness and Livability
  • Transit Data
  • Intelligent Transportation Systems Data Analysis

Slide 14

Stakeholder Outreach, Customer Feedback, and Knowledge Sharing

Thomas Bolle & Amanda J. Wilson

Advisory Council on Transportation Statistics
4 June 2010

Slide 15

BTS Listening Sessions Stakeholders

Group Number of Groups Percentage of Total User Groups
Academic 92 30%
All Groups 2 1%
Associations 45 15%
Association-Local Government 14 5%
Association-State Government 3 1%
Congressional Staff 16 5%
Consultant 57 19%
Local Government 1 0%
State Government 16 5%
USDOT 59 19%
Total 305 100%

Slide 16

Themes from BTS Listening Sessions

Category Number of Comments Percentage of Total Comments
Clearinghouse 12 4%
Stakeholder Communication 38 12%
Customer service 17 6%
Data collection 87 28%
Information formats, downloadability 31 10%
Other 23 7%
BTS Role 37 12%
Website navigation, organization, and architecture 54 18%
Timeliness of data 8 3%
Total Comments 307 100%

Slide 17

ACSI Web Survey Results – Reason For Using BTS Website

Data and statistics
Publications and reports
News and updates
General information about RITA / BTS
Links to other websites
Other primary reasons (please specify)
Responses: 341
Content 77 77 79 80 81 82 77
Functionality 74 75 76 75 77 64 73
Look and Feel 67 69 71 71 71 58 67
Navigation 62 64 68 72 66 47 62
Online Transparency 72 74 77 77 69 73 72
Search 64 67 75 78 73 54 65
Site Performance 82 82 81 83 84 81 82
Satisfaction 67 72 78 75 76 54 67
Likelihood to Return 82 84 86 86 90 59 81
Primary Resource 79 79 83 84 85 62 78
Recommend 76 81 86 86 89 54 76

Slide 18

Transportation Knowledge Networks

U.S. map showing the AASHTO Regions and the states in the Eastern, Midwest and Western Transportation Knowledge Networks.

Slide 19

Future Vision: Information Sharing Infrastructure

A diagram showing how information is exchanged among the transportation information portal; information resources and tools; knowledge services and protocols; and standards and crosswalks.

Slide 20

Contact Information

Thomas Bolle
(202) 366-0665

Amanda J. Wilson
(202) 366-2480

Slide 21

Bureau of Transportation Statistics
2007 Commodity Flow Survey

Ron Duych

June 4, 2010
Advisory Council on Transportation Statistics

Slide 22

CFS Objective and Background

  • Section 111 of ISTEA, requires BTS to collect statistics on goods movement
  • The Commodity Flow Survey is the only comprehensive source of information on National Freight Flow. Provides information on commodities shipped, value, weight, ton-miles, origin/destinations by all modes of transportation, either single mode or multi-mode.
  • National source of data for the highway mode that carries about 75 percent of the value and 70 percent of the tonnage of freight transported.
  • Fourth in series - previously conducted in 1993, 1997 & 2002
  • Conducted through a major partnership between:
      Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS),
      • Research and Innovative Technology Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation
    • U.S. Census Bureau,
      • U.S. Department of Commerce

Slide 23

Major Uses and Key Applications of the CFS

  • Foundation of Federal Highway Administration's Freight Analysis Framework.
  • Fundamental input for freight flow datasets developed and marketed by private vendors.
  • Provides input and calibration for freight flow models.
  • Used by federal, state and local/regional analysts for policy, management and investment decisions.
  • Analyze and map spatial patterns of commodity and vehicle flows.
  • Provides denominator data for conducting safety risk analyses and security assessments of hazardous material flows.

Slide 24

Key Highlights of 2007 CFS Results

  • American businesses shipped 12.5 billion tons of goods in 2007, valued at $11.7 trillion, totaling 3.3 trillion ton-miles.
  • Trucking continues to dominate the movement of freight, accounting for 71% of the value ($8.3 trillion), 70% of weight (8.8 billion tons), and 39% of the ton-miles (1.3 trillion ton-miles) of the nation's total freight shipment.
  • Industries in the manufacturing sector contributed 45% of the value ($5.2 trillion) and 38% of the weight (4.8 billion tons) of all transported goods.
  • The top commodities by total value were electronic and office equipment ($1 trillion). By weight, gravel and crushed stone represented the largest tonnage (2 billion tons). Coal was the top commodity by ton-miles in 2007 with 836 billion ton miles.
  • Since 2002, the value of shipments increased 39%, tonnage increased 8%, and ton-miles increased 7%.

Slide 25

2007 CFS: Ton-miles by Total Modal Activity

Bar chart.

Slide 26

2007 CFS: Tons by Mode of Transportation for the U.S.

Bar chart.

Slide 27

2007 CFS: Value by Mode of Transportation for the U.S.

Bar chart.

Slide 28

Results: Ton-miles of Hazardous Material by Mode

Pie chart.

Slide 29

2007 CFS Key Enhancements and Improvements

Apparent Improvements for 2007 CFS

  • Data Dissemination: American Fact Finder (AFF) and Data by type of Industry (NAICS)
  • Expanded coverage of Freight gateways – growing ports and border crossing
  • Expanded coverage for hazardous materials
  • Third Party Logistics questions on the fourth quarter questionnaire
  • Pre-canvass for improving CFS frame
  • Increased sample size and improved sample design
  • Noise added in an effort to publish a greater number of data cells

Non Apparent Improvements for 2007 CFS

  • Dedicated BTS staff in involvement in planning and operations of 2007 CFS
  • Developed GeoMiler, a GIS software routing tool
  • Improved data quality by correcting problematic shipments more consistently and systematically
  • Expanded editing process
  • Joint Investigative Teams (BTS-Census)
  • Lessons learned documented from 2002 CFS, used in planning for the 2007 CFS

Slide 30

CFS Improvements from 2002 CFS

  • Scope and Coverage:
    • Returned shipping establishments lost' due to the SIC to NAICS conversion
    • Improved efficiency of coverage of auxiliaries
    • Expanded coverage and over sampling of hazardous materials – fuel oil dealers, hydrogen – HM certainties
    • Expanded geographic coverage to include 9 new major freight gateways (Ports and Border Crossing)
    • Gained more knowledge regarding Third Party Logistic providers (3PL)
  • Questionnaire Design:
    • Conducted 3-stages of cognitive interviewing efforts
      • Approximately 70 company interviews
    • Conducted November 2005 – August 2006
    • Improved questionnaire, instruction guide, form layout and commodity coding manual
    • Tested and added new survey content (intermodal shipment, and Third Party Logistics usage on fourth quarter questionnaire)
    • Developed electronic reporting option

Slide 31

CFS Improvements from 2002 CFS (cont.)

  • Sample Size and Design:
    • Increased sample size
      2002 CFS: 50,000
      2007 CFS: 100,000
    • Established national parameters
    • Conducted pre-canvass operation to improve sample efficiency of 85,000 establishments including targeted auxiliaries and likely' certainties
  • Data Dissemination:
    • American Fact Finder (AFF)
      2007 CFS will use AFF for the first time – greater flexibility with the CFS data and more control by the data user. Combining related tables into a single dataset, sorting rows, creating custom columns, downloading customized datasets, etc.
    • Summary Statistics
      • Data table by type of industry, North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)
      • Third Party Logistic providers (3PL) Results

Slide 32

CFS Improvements from 2002 CFS (cont.)

  • Data Processing:
    • Improved Mileage Calculation of Shipment Distance
      • Developed GeoMiler to fully utilize Geographic Information System (GIS) capability
      • Provided map-visualization features and streamlined the processing flow
      • Highway Routing: Selected Interstate/U.S. roadways first before state/county/local
      • Railway Routing: Calibrated route densities from a sample of 2005 rail waybills
      • Airway Routing: Calibrated 2005 air route information from RITA/BTS/Office of Airline Information
      • Routing of Export Shipments: Counted domestic mileage to the U.S. border for ALL modes of transportation
      • Multiple-Mode Routing: Added railway/highway drayage to/from waterside dock
      • Routing in Alaska: Expanded the network of mini-airports to accommodate short-hop flights by "bush" airplanes
      • Consistent and systematic approach in correcting problematic shipments
    • Expanded Editing
    • Improved Variance Estimation Methodology

Slide 33

Future Efforts

  • Improve all aspects of survey to better adapt the changing nature of transportation – the growing role of third party logistic providers (3PL, contracting out and consolidation of and establishment's transportation needs)
  • Provide for alternative reporting of shipment data via electronic means
  • Reduce the cost of conducting CFS
  • Improve all aspects of survey for better data reliability and accuracy through independent research efforts undertaken
    • Mileage calculation data processing detailed questionnaire research – non response study
    • SCTG two digits research – 41 commodity codes
  • Update and improve commodity coding manual – SCTG to include emerging commodities such as bio fuels
  • Update and improve GeoMiler software for mileage calculation data processing

Slide 34

Contact Information

Ron Duych
(202) 366-8908

Joy Sharp
(202) 366-0881

Commodity Flow Survey Data User's Workshop
Transportation Research Board – Keck Center
Washington, DC
November 16, 2010

Slide 35


A diagram showing the relationship between the freight data programs and products.

Slide 36

Bureau of Transportation Statistics
Office of Airline Information
Aviation Data Program Overview

Director, Anne Suissa

Friday June 4, 2010

Slide 37


  • OAI's Mission is governed by
    • Public Law,
      • 49 USC (United States Code) 329(b)
      • SAFETEA-LU
      • AIR-21
      • 39 U.S.C. 5402(k)
      • Rural Service Improvement Act of 2002 (has to do with allocating mail tender and setting rates in AK)
    • Treaty, Convention on International Civil Aviation, 1947 (ICAO)
    • Regulations, 14 CFR (Code of Federal Regulations)
  • Aviation data collections began in the 1930's by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) at the direction of President Roosevelt and Congress.

Slide 38

OAI Services-Mandate

Collect, Validate, Compile & Disseminate


  • Passengers
  • Freight/Mail
  • Capacity
  • Operational Statistics
    • Departures
    • Aircraft hours


  • On-time arrivals
  • Causes of Delay


  • Balance Sheet
  • Income Statement
  • Operating Expenses
    • Employment
    • Fuel Cost  and Consumption

Ticket Information
Passenger Itinerary & Cost (O&D)

  • Average Fare
  • Market

Each quarter, BTS' Office of Airline Information processes, 380+ reporting air carriers, 1.3 GB+ of data, 3800+ filings/carrier submissions

Slide 39

BTS maintains extensive data on the airline industry

  • BTS regularly collects a wide range of airline-related data used by USDOT, including the Office of Aviation Analysis, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and the Office of the General Counsel. Stakeholders outside of the USDOT, such as Congress, the Department of Homeland Security, state and local governments, the air transportation industry, researchers, academia, and the public, also rely on BTS airline data products and reports.

Slide 40

Monthly Air Carrier Submittals

Monthly Financial Reports

  • P-1 a    Interim  Operations  Report              Reporting Period: due 30 days after 
  • P-12A  Fuel Costs and Consumption          Reporting Period: due 20 days after
  • F-183   Extension of Credit to Political  Candidates

Monthly Traffic Reports

  • T100 Traffic & Capacity by Nonstop
  • Segment and On flight Market                        Reporting Period: due 30 days after
  • T100F - Traffic & Capacity by Nonstop
  • Segment and On flight Market                        Reporting Period: due 30 days after

Monthly OnTime Reports

  • 234 OnTime performance                              Reporting Period: due 15 days after
  • 234-6 Mishandled Baggage Report             Reporting Period: due 15 days after

Monthly Schedule for Press Releases

Slide 41

Quarterly Air Carrier Submittals

Quarterly Financial Reports

  • A         Certification                                            Reporting Period: due 40 days after
  • B-1     Balance Sheet                                       Reporting Period: due 40 days after
  • B-7     Airframe/Engine
               Acquisition/Retirement                         Reporting Period: due 40 days after
  • B-12  Cash Flow                                               Reporting Period: due 40 days after
  • P-1.2 Income Statement                                 Reporting Period: due 40 days after
  • P-2    Notes                                                        Reporting Period: due 40 days after
  • P-5.2 Aircraft Operating Expense                  Reporting Period: due 40 days after
  • P-6    Expenses by Objective Grouping        Reporting Period: due 40 days after
  • P-7    Expenses by Functional Grouping      Reporting Period: due 40 days after

Quarterly Traffic Reports

  • 251D  Passengers Denied Boarding           Reporting Period: due 30 days after
  • O&D  Origin & Destination Survey                 Reporting Period: due 45 days after

Quarterly Press Releases

  • Quarterly Airline Financial Data
  • Quarterly Air Fares (ATPI)

Slide 42

Semi-Annual and Annual Air Carrier Submittals

Semi-annual Financial Reports

  • B-1.1      Balance Sheet                                  Reporting Period: due 40 days after
  • P-1.1      Income Sheet                                    Reporting Period: due 40 days after
  • P-5.1      Aircraft Operating Expense             Reporting Period: due 40 days after

Annual Financial Reports

  • B-43  Airframe/Engine Inventory                     Reporting Period: due March 30
  • P-10  Employee Statistics                               Reporting Period: due 40 days after
  • AR-248  Annual Audit Report                          Reporting Period: due when completed
  • T-8  Report of All Cargo Operations              Reporting Period: due March 30
  • 291A  Domestic All Cargo Operations          Reporting Period: due March 30
  • ICAO  EF Group III & II selected financials    Reporting Period: due March 30

Annual Press Releases

  • Annual Employment by Category

Slide 43


  • DOT Aviation and International Affairs
  • Justice Department Anti-trust Division
  • DOT IG
  • DOT Counsel
  • Federal Aviation Administration
  • Congress
  • General Accountability Office
  • Council of Economic Advisors (EOP-CEA)
  • Transportation Security Administration
  • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
  • Airlines
  • Air Transport Association
  • Aviation Consultants
  • State and Local       Governments
  • Airport Authorities
  • Academia
  • Members of the general public

Slide 44

DOT Uses of the Airline Data

  • Air Carrier "Fitness" Appraisals and Operating Authority Awards
  • Mail ratemaking and mail tender allocations
  • International negotiations of routes and services
  • The Standard Industry Fare Level (SIFL)
  • The Standard Foreign Fare and Rate Levels (SFFL)
  • Consumer protection and information (Air Travel Consumer Report)
  • Small community air service needs (Essential Air Service determinations for eligibility and subsidy)
  • Air carrier and charter operator compliance with statutory regulations
  • Allocation of airport improvement funds
  • Forecasting of air traffic demand

Slide 45

Part 234 Airline Service Quality Performance

  • Required for airlines with1 percent or more of scheduled domestic passenger revenues, see 14 CFR. Others may voluntarily report
    • Collections began in 1987
    • Additional elements added in – 2003, 2008, 2010
    • Fines can be levied for tarmac time of 3 hours  or more
    • Fines can be levied when flight is chronically late for 4 consecutive months
    • Chronically late flights are defined as late or cancelled more than 50 percent of time.
    • Flights must be scheduled at least 10 times in the month
    • Flights operated within 30 minutes of each other in the same city pair can be combined in determining chronically late flights
    • Carrier must publish on-time data on their websites

Slide 46


  • Contact us at
    • Director, Anne Suissa
    • Customer Service Representative, Steve Anderson
    • 202-366-2876

Slide 47

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

Peg Young, Ph.D.

June 4, 2010

Slide 48

What is the Transportation Services Index (TSI)?

  • The TSI is the broadest monthly measure of U.S. domestic transportation services.
  • The TSI is a measure of the volume of services performed by the for-hire freight carriers and for-hire passenger carriers.
  • The TSI reflects real monthly changes in freight and passenger transportation services.

Taken from

Slide 49

Origin of TSI

  • BTS Research Grant (FY 2002)
    • "The Theoretical Development, Selection, and Testing of Economic Indicators for the Transportation Industry"
  • Grant recipients: Economic researchers:
    • The State University of New York at Albany (Lahiri and Yao)
    • George Washington University (Stekler)
  • BTS brought the research in-house, where its name was changed from the Transportation Services Output Index (TSOI) to the Transportation Services Index (TSI)

Slide 50

TSI Components for Passenger

  • Air Revenue Passenger Miles
    • Data from BTS / Office of Airline Information
  • National Transit Ridership
    • Data from American Public Transportation Association
  • Rail Revenue Passenger Miles
    • Data from Federal Rail Administration
    • Primarily AMTRAK and Alaska Railroad

Slide 51

TSI Components for Freight

  • Truck Tonnage
    • Data from American Trucking Associations
  • Rail Carloads and Intermodals
    • Data from Association of American Railroads
      • Weekly Railroad Traffic
  • Waterborne Commerce
    • Data from Army Corps Of Engineers
      • Inland Waterways Monthly Indicator
  • Air Ton-Miles
    • Data from BTS / Office of Airline Information
  • Gas and Petroleum Movement
    • Data from Energy Information Administration

Slide 52

Calculation of TSI

  • Seasonal Adjustment:
    • X12 method (Census procedure)
  • Indexing
    • Base = 2000
  • Weighting
    • Value-added GDP weights derived from BEA's Survey of Current Business
  • Chaining

Slide 53

Transportation Services Index, January 1990 – March 2010

Line chart.

Slide 54

Does TSI Lead the Economy?

  • Research on the history of the TSI (from 1979 to the present) shows that the freight component of the TSI demonstrates a strong leading relationship to the economy.
  • When the accelerations and decelerations of the freight TSI are compared to the growth cycles of the economy, declines in the freight TSI lead decelerations in the growth cycle.
  • Published results in:
    • Technical Report #2:
      • Transportation Services Index and the Economy, December 2007
  • Transportation Trends in Focus #2:
    • The Freight Transportation Services Index as a Leading Economic Indicator, September 2009

Slide 55

Recent Turning Point in Freight TSI

Line chart

Slide 56

Current research

  • Updating turning points in Freight TSI
  • Creating a Passenger TSI with highway VMT
  • Comparing TSI to other measures
    • Transportation equipment index (data from Federal Reserve Board)
    • Transportation employment
  • Updating Passenger TSI with Federal Transit Administration data

Slide 57

Advisory Council on Transportation Statistics

BTS Program Resources
June 4, 2010